Introduction ::GuamBackground:Spain ceded Guam to the US in 1898. Captured by the Japanese in 1941, it was retaken by the US three years later. The military installation on the island is one of the most strategically important US bases in the Pacific.Geography ::GuamLocation:Oceania, island in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the PhilippinesGeographic coordinates:13 28 N, 144 47 EArea:total: 544 sq kmcountry comparison to the world: 195land: 544 sq kmwater: 0 sq kmArea - comparative:three times the size of Washington, DCLand boundaries:0 kmCoastline:125.5 kmMaritime claims:territorial sea: 12 nmexclusive economic zone: 200 nmClimate:tropical marine; generally warm and humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season (January to June), rainy season (July to December); little seasonal temperature variationTerrain:volcanic origin, surrounded by coral reefs; relatively flat coralline limestone plateau (source of most fresh water), with steep coastal cliffs and narrow coastal plains in north, low hills in center, mountains in southElevation extremes:lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 mhighest point: Mount Lamlam 406 mNatural resources:aquatic wildlife (supporting tourism), fishing (largely undeveloped)Land use:arable land: 1.85%permanent crops: 16.67%other: 81.48% (2011)Irrigated land:2 sq km (2011)Natural hazards:frequent squalls during rainy season; relatively rare but potentially destructive typhoons (June to December)Environment - current issues:extirpation of native bird population by the rapid proliferation of the brown tree snake, an exotic, invasive speciesGeography - note:largest and southernmost island in the Mariana Islands archipelago; strategic location in western North Pacific OceanPeople and Society ::GuamNationality:noun: Guamanian(s) (US citizens)adjective: GuamanianEthnic groups:Chamorro 37.1%, Filipino 26.3%, other Pacific islander 11.3%, white 6.9%, other Asian 6.3%, other ethnic origin or race 2.3%, mixed 9.8% (2000 census)Languages:English 38.3%, Chamorro 22.2%, Philippine languages 22.2%, other Pacific island languages 6.8%, Asian languages 7%, other languages 3.5% (2000 census)Religions:Roman Catholic 85%, other 15% (1999 est.)Population:160,378 (July 2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 187Age structure:0-14 years: 26.4% (male 21,806/female 20,480)15-24 years: 16.9% (male 13,961/female 13,156)25-54 years: 39.5% (male 32,312/female 30,962)55-64 years: 9.1% (male 7,325/female 7,273)65 years and over: 8.2% (male 5,950/female 7,153) (2013 est.)Dependency ratios:total dependency ratio: 52.3 %youth dependency ratio: 39.9 %elderly dependency ratio: 12.3 %potential support ratio: 8.1 (2013)Median age:total: 29.7 yearsmale: 29.2 yearsfemale: 30.2 years (2013 est.)Population growth rate:0.34% (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 166Birth rate:17.23 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 109Death rate:4.95 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 186Net migration rate:-8.89 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 208Urbanization:urban population: 93% of total population (2010)rate of urbanization: 1.2% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)Major urban areas - population:HAGATNA (capital) 153,000 (2009)Sex ratio:at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female65 years and over: 0.84 male(s)/femaletotal population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2013 est.)Infant mortality rate:total: 5.61 deaths/1,000 live birthscountry comparison to the world: 176male: 6.02 deaths/1,000 live birthsfemale: 5.18 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)Life expectancy at birth:total population: 78.66 yearscountry comparison to the world: 50male: 75.62 yearsfemale: 81.89 years (2013 est.)Total fertility rate:2.41 children born/woman (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 84Contraceptive prevalence rate:66.6%note: percent of women aged 18-44 (2002)Drinking water source:improved:urban: 100% of populationrural: 100% of populationtotal: 100% of population (2010 est.)Sanitation facility access:improved:urban: 99% of populationrural: 98% of populationtotal: 99% of populationunimproved:urban: 1% of populationrural: 2% of populationtotal: 1% of population (2010 est.)HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:NAHIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:NAHIV/AIDS - deaths:NAEducation expenditures:NALiteracy:definition: age 15 and over can read and writetotal population: 99%male: 99%female: 99% (1990 est.)Government ::GuamCountry name:conventional long form: Territory of Guamconventional short form: Guamlocal long form: Guahanlocal short form: GuahanDependency status:organized, unincorporated territory of the US with policy relations between Guam and the US under the jurisdiction of the Office of Insular Affairs, US Department of the InteriorGovernment type:NACapital:name: Hagatna (Agana)geographic coordinates: 13 28 N, 144 44 Etime difference: UTC+10 (15 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)Administrative divisions:none (territory of the US)Independence:none (territory of the US)National holiday:Discovery Day, first Monday in March (1521)Constitution:Organic Act of Guam, 1 August 1950Legal system:common law modeled on US system; US federal laws applySuffrage:18 years of age; universal; note - Guamanians are US citizens but do not vote in US presidential electionsExecutive branch:chief of state: President Barack H. OBAMA (since 20 January 2009); Vice President Joseph R. BIDEN (since 20 January 2009)head of government: Governor Eddie CALVO (since 3 January 2011); Lieutenant Governor Ray TENORIO (since 3 January 2011)cabinet: heads of executive departments; appointed by the governor with the consent of the Guam legislature(For more information visit the World Leaders website )elections: under the US Constitution, residents of unincorporated territories, such as Guam, do not vote in elections for US president and vice president; however, they may vote in Democratic and Republican presidential primary elections; governor and lieutenant governor elected on the same ticket by popular vote for a four-year term (can serve two consecutive terms, then must wait a full term before running again); election last held on 2 November 2010 (next to be held in November 2014)election results: Eddie CALVO elected governor with 50.6% percent of vote against 49.4% for Carl GUTIERREZ; Ray TENORIO elected lieutenant governorLegislative branch:unicameral Legislature (15 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve two-year terms)elections: last held on 6 November 2012 (next to be held in November 2014)election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Democratic Party 9, Republican Party 6note: Guam elects one nonvoting delegate to the US House of Representatives; election last held on 6 November 2012 (next to be held in November 2014); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Democratic Party 1Judicial branch:highest court(s): Supreme Court of Guam (consists of 3 justices)note - appeals beyond the Supreme Court of Guam are heard by the US Supreme Courtjudge selection and term of office: justices appointed by the governor and confirmed by the Guam legislature; justices appointed for life subject to retention election every 10 yearssubordinate courts: Superior Court of Guam - includes several divisions; US Federal District Court for the District of Guam (a US territorial court; appeals beyond this court are heard before the US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit)Political parties and leaders:Democratic Party [Carlo BRANCH]Republican Party [Mike BENITO]Political pressure groups and leaders:Guam Commission on DecolonizationGuam Federation of Teachers' UnionGuam Waterworks Authority WorkersWe Are GuahanInternational organization participation:IOC, PIF (observer), SPC, UPUDiplomatic representation in the US:none (territory of the US)Diplomatic representation from the US:none (territory of the US)Flag description:territorial flag is dark blue with a narrow red border on all four sides; centered is a red-bordered, pointed, vertical ellipse containing a beach scene, a proa or outrigger canoe with sail, and a palm tree with the word GUAM superimposed in bold red letters; the proa is sailing in Agana Bay with the promontory of Punta Dos Amantes, near the capital, in the background; blue represents the sea and red the blood shed in the struggle against oppressionnote: the US flag is the national flagNational symbol(s):coconut treeNational anthem:name: ""Fanohge Chamoru"" (Stand Ye Guamanians)lyrics/music: Ramon Manalisay SABLAN [English], Lagrimas UNTALAN [Chamoru]/Ramon Manalisay SABLANnote: adopted 1919; the local anthem is also known as ""Guam Hymn""; as a territory of the United States, ""The Star-Spangled Banner,"" which generally follows the playing of ""Stand Ye Guamanians,"" is official (see United States)Economy ::GuamEconomy - overview:The economy depends largely on US national defense spending, tourism, other services. Total US grants, wages and salaries, and procurement outlays amounted to approximately $1.6 billion in 2010. Over the past 30 years, tourism has grown to become the largest income source following national defense.GDP (purchasing power parity):$4.6 billion (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 172GDP (official exchange rate):$4.6 billion (2010 est.)GDP - real growth rate:1.3% (2002-10 average est.)country comparison to the world: 155GDP - per capita (PPP):$28,700 (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 55GDP - composition, by sector of origin:agriculture: NA%industry: NA%services: NA%Agriculture - products:fruits, copra, vegetables; eggs, pork, poultry, beefIndustries:national defense, tourism, construction, transshipment services, concrete products, printing and publishing, food processing, textilesIndustrial production growth rate:NA%Labor force:69,390country comparison to the world: 185note: this number is for the civilian labor force only (2010 est.)Labor force - by occupation:agriculture: 0.3%industry: NA%services: NA% (2004 est.)Unemployment rate:8.2% (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 97Population below poverty line:23% (2001 est.)Household income or consumption by percentage share:lowest 10%: NA%highest 10%: NA%Budget:revenues: $942.6 millionexpenditures: $1.082 billion (FY10/11 est.)Taxes and other revenues:20.5% of GDP (FY10/11 est.)country comparison to the world: 161Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):-3% of GDP (FY10/11 est.)country comparison to the world: 118Fiscal year:1 October - 30 SeptemberInflation rate (consumer prices):4% (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 128Exports:$44 million (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 197Exports - commodities:transshipments of refined petroleum products, construction materials, fish, food and beverage productsImports:$901 million (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 180Imports - commodities:petroleum and petroleum products, food, manufactured goodsDebt - external:$NAExchange rates:the US dollar is usedEnergy ::GuamElectricity - production:1.755 billion kWh (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 135Electricity - consumption:1.632 billion kWh (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 142Electricity - exports:0 kWh (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 202Electricity - imports:0 kWh (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 194Electricity - installed generating capacity:553,000 kW (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 133Electricity - from fossil fuels:100% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 17Electricity - from nuclear fuels:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 98Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 174Electricity - from other renewable sources:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 134Crude oil - production:0 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 141Crude oil - exports:0 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 119Crude oil - imports:0 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 192Crude oil - proved reserves:0 bbl (1 January 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 139Refined petroleum products - production:0 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 184Refined petroleum products - consumption:14,490 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 145Refined petroleum products - exports:0 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 182Refined petroleum products - imports:0 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 211Natural gas - production:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 137Natural gas - consumption:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 149Natural gas - exports:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 108Natural gas - imports:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 200Natural gas - proved reserves:0 cu m (1 January 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 143Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:1.451 million Mt (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 155Communications ::GuamTelephones - main lines in use:65,500 (2010)country comparison to the world: 158Telephones - mobile cellular:98,000 (2004)country comparison to the world: 192Telephone system:general assessment: modern system, integrated with US facilities for direct dialing, including free use of 800 numbersdomestic: digital system, including mobile-cellular service and local access to the Internetinternational: country code - 1-671; major landing point for submarine cables between Asia and the US (Guam is a transpacific communications hub for major carriers linking the US and Asia); satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean) (2011)Broadcast media:about a dozen TV channels, including digital channels; multi-channel cable TV services are available; roughly 20 radio stations (2009)Internet country code:.guInternet hosts:23 (2012)country comparison to the world: 219Internet users:90,000 (2009)country comparison to the world: 163Transportation ::GuamAirports:5 (2013)country comparison to the world: 182Airports - with paved runways:total: 4over 3,047 m: 22,438 to 3,047 m: 1914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2013)Airports - with unpaved runways:total: 1under 914 m:1 (2013)Roadways:total: 1,045 km (2008)country comparison to the world: 185Ports and terminals:major seaport(s): Apra HarborMilitary ::GuamManpower fit for military service:males age 16-49: 38,358females age 16-49: 36,869 (2010 est.)Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:male: 1,701female: 1,608 (2010 est.)Military - note:defense is the responsibility of the USTransnational Issues ::GuamDisputes - international:none"
The World Factbook. 2014.
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Guam — (Guahan, Guajan), südlichste und größte Insel der Marianen, 50 km lang, 5–16 km breit, 514 qkm groß, mit etwa 9000 Einw., ist seit 1898 im Besitz der Vereinigten Staaten von Nordamerika. Das Hauptgestein der riffumgebenen, aber durch Durchfahrten … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Guam — Guam, die südlichste und größte Insel der Marianen im Stillen Ozean, den Ver. Staaten von Amerika gehörig, 530 qkm, ca. 9000 E.; Hauptstadt Agaña … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Guam — an island east of the Philippines that belongs to the US. Population: 157,557 (2001). Capital: Agaña … Dictionary of contemporary English
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Guam — [gwäm] largest of the Mariana Islands, in the W Pacific: an unincorporated territory of the U.S.: 209 sq mi (541 sq km); pop. 155,000; cap. Agana: abbrev. GU … English World dictionary
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Guam — Para el acuerdo regional de países de la CEI, véase GUAM. Territory of Guam Island Guåhån Territorio de Guam Territorio no incorporado de EE.UU … Wikipedia Español
Guam — Guamanian /gwah may nee euhn/, n., adj. /gwahm/, n. an island, belonging to the U.S., in the N Pacific, E of the Philippines: the largest of the Marianas group; U.S. naval station. 84,996; 206 sq. mi. (535 sq. km). Cap.: Agaña. Abbr.: GU (for use … Universalium
Guam — The Territory of Guam Guåhån Flagge Guams Wappen Guams … Deutsch Wikipedia